What are the Different Types of Lawyers?

Understanding What Different Types Of Lawyers Do

There are many different types of lawyers out there, each responsible for dealing with different legal issues. Understanding the types of cases that fall under each specific area of the law can help ensure that you choose the right lawyer for your needs. Here are a few of the most common types of lawyers that you may run into at one point or another during your life:

Bankruptcy Lawyers. As you might guess, these lawyers help people file for bankruptcy. When people get in over their heads financially, they may not be able to pay their bills. Bankruptcy allows them to get rid of their existing debt so that they can start off with a clean slate. These lawyers are there to help guide their clients through the entire bankruptcy process, starting from the moment that they file their paperwork and finishing when their debts are finally discharged.

Family Lawyers. Family law is the branch of law that deals with domestic issues such as marriage, divorce, and child custody. They can help their clients with everything from signing a prenuptial agreement to getting a fair settlement in a divorce. resource

Employment lawyers. Legal disputes in the workplace often arise. Employment lawyers are tasked with helping people who have been treated unfairly on the job. They can handle everything from unfair terminations to workplace discrimination. They also deal with situations such as sexual harassment or workplace conflicts.

Personal injury lawyers. Accidents happen every day. Sometimes, those accidents are caused because a person or business was negligent. In those cases, the negligent party is usually responsible for paying for the medical expenses of anyone who was injured in the accident. Personal injury lawyers, like these attorneys or this law firm, help pursue financial compensation for the injured party. This can involve everything from negotiating with car insurance companies to suing individuals or companies directly, depending on the nature of the accident. Along with money for medical expenses (for example, this law firm specializes in recovering the medical expenses), they can often help their clients get additional money for pain and suffering, lost wages, or other expenses associated with the accident.

Criminal lawyers. Being charged with a crime is serious business. Cases that involve criminal charges often result in hefty fines or jail time. Criminal lawyers help work with people who have been accused of committing a crime to mount a suitable defense or to get a settlement before a trial begins.

DUI lawyers. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol is illegal in every state. Every day, people are pulled over and arrested for getting behind the wheel after drinking alcohol or doing drugs. DUI lawyers can help these individuals defend themselves in court. In some cases, they may even be able to get the charges dismissed, depending on the reason for the initial traffic stop.

Because there are so many different types of legal issues out there, there are also many different types of lawyers. It is important to choose a lawyer who specializes in the type of case that you are dealing with. That way, they can provide you with the best legal representation possible.

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law is a special kind of law that deals with offences deemed as crime. This is aimed at providing predetermined punishment for its breakers.

Therefore, to prevent people from breaking these laws, statutes have been put in place. Anyone who fails to obey these statutes is guilty of a criminal offence. If you take another step and compare it with civil law, other features of this law arise once again.

In civil law, the aim is to settle disputes and reconcile the parties accordingly. There is no room for depriving one’s freedoms in the end. But in criminal law, the guilty loses certain rights or may even be imprisoned!

Therefore, while civil law is aimed at conflict resolution, criminal law takes a decisive action by protecting society from the acts of the perpetrators and giving them specific punishments.

What is Criminal Law

Objectives of the law

The biggest question you will start with is, of what use is this law? In other words, what objectives govern its implementation? The first objective recognizes that a wrong has been committed. Therefore, to provide some retribution to the offended party, some form of punishment is specified in the law.

A simple phrase is one which says ‘tit for tat’ or ‘an eye for an eye.’ The second objective is to reform the law breaker. Others call it rehabilitation. But this is aimed at helping the victim to set the mindset right.

The third one is aimed at preventing the offender from committing the same offence in future. Additionally, the fourth objective is quite interesting. It is there to serve a warning to all aspiring criminal law breakers. Once they see the example, they will stop such acts.

Finally, the fifth objective which is popular as pointed out in the introduction is that the law breaker must be removed from society. This is aimed at ensuring that the public is not harmed by this law breaker and his criminality.

Types of criminal law

Criminal law has only two types – a misdemeanor and a felony. A misdemeanor is a mild criminal offence committed by an individual. Such an offence can easily be resolved with a fine or some single year imprisonment.

On the other hand, a felony is a more serious offence. It will carry more than the minimum imprisonment period of a misdemeanor. Additionally, this can even involve capital punishment.  Here is more information on the difference between misdemeanors and felonies.

When a person is guilty of committing a misdemeanor, then he might have committed some traffic offence, assault, or some other minor criminal case. But the one guilty of a felony has committed some serious offence like murder, rape, and robbery – especially aggravated robbery.

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Selecting a Criminal Defense Attorney

Selecting a Criminal Defense Attorney

One of the hardest challenges we possibly have to deal with in any criminal case is selecting a criminal defense attorney. For starters, many people often underestimate the gravity of their cases and would only give some thought to choosing a criminal defense attorney only when it is clear the ruling may be against their favor.

However, experts advise that regardless of how trivial your case may appear to be, choosing a criminal defense attorney is always a wise decision so in this article, we shall discuss some of the factors to consider when choosing such an attorney.

Are They Specialized in Civil or Criminal Cases?

It is important to begin by understanding the nature of charges preferred against you as defense attorneys are often specialized in that regard. Your case could either be a civil or a criminal one. A civil case refers to one brought against you by an individual or a company while a criminal case refers to one that is brought against you by a local, state or a federal government.

Understanding the expertise of a defense attorney with regards to either of these two cases will already give you a head start when approaching the case.

Are They Specialized in State or Federal Law?

Another major area of specialization is with regards to state or federal law and studying the nature of your case with regards to either of these will help you select the best defense attorney for your case. As a general rule, state law refers to cases such as broken contracts, robberies, family law, traffic violations etc while federal law refers to cases such as constitutional violations for which your country is party, copyright infringement and intellectual property cases, patent cases etc.

Evidently federal cases require a more experienced attorney as they are considered more serious and in the event of a conviction, could have you spend many years behind bars.

Are They Specialized In Your Specific Case?

As a general rule, you should always look for a criminal defense attorney who concentrates his practice in a given area of defense that you require. Naturally, you will find many criminal lawyers who handle routine criminal defense cases but a specialized defense attorney is always a cut above the rest.

Do you need defense in a rape case? Is it a violence or burglary case? Are you a protagonist in a family feud or are you the main suspect in a homicide? These and many more are the kinds of questions you will need to settle with before selecting a lawyer specialized in the specific are.

What Is Your Financial Position?

Litigations are capital-intensive and as such, you need to be adequately prepared in terms of finances. In case you cannot afford the often high fees charged by defense attorneys, you may be entitled to a public defender. This is a defense attorney specialized in helping people with meager resources.

However, you need to be aware that as they also have limited time and resources to allocate to your case, they may not always be the best. This means that at all cost, you should try to consolidate some resources and ensure you hire a professional defense attorney if you are serious about increasing your chances of having the ruling made in your favor.